The PAPFor project

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General objective


PAPFor (Support programme for the preservation of forest ecosystems in West Africa) aims to promote an endogenous, sustainable and inclusive development of West African forest areas, responding to the challenges of climate change and the maintenance of biodiversity.

Specific objective

To effectively and efficiently protect biodiversity and priority forest ecosystems in West Africa, contributing to climate change resilience and food and water security.

Geographical scope

Six transboundary forest landscapes in Liberia, Sierra Leone, Guinea, Côte d'Ivoire and Nigeria.

Structure/components

PAPFor has two main components:

  • Component 1 focuses on the sustainable management of Protected Areas and surrounding forests.
  • Component 2 focuses on regional convergence and coordination.

Funding mechanism and duration

PAPFor is financed through the 11th European Development Fund, under the supervision of CEDEAO and UEMOA, representing the beneficiary countries.

The duration of the programme is 5 years (2019-2024), with a provisional budget of 20 million euros.

93% of the budget is allocated to component 1 (field programme) and 7% to component 2 (regional convergence and coordination).


Component 1: Sustainable management of Protected Areas and surrounding forest lands


Through field programmes in 6 priority forest landscapes:

  • Outamba-Kilimi-Kuru Hills-Soya
  • Gola-Foya
  • Wologizi-Wonegizi-Ziama
  • Mt Nimba
  • Taï-Grebo-Krahn-Sapo
  • Cross River

Component 2: Regional Convergence


As the majority of the remaining Guinean forests are in Liberia and as four of the six landscapes cover Liberia, the regional coordination of PAPFor is based in Monrovia.

The offices of the regional coordination are located at the Society for Conservation of Nature in Liberia and the structure will be light in structure.

Working closely with national administrations and regional institutions, and supporting the six landscapes, regional coordination focuses on three main outcomes:

  • Recognition of cross-border protected area complexes
  • Recognition of cross-border protected area complexes
  • Monitoring of the Programme

Land use change in the Gola-Foya priority landscape


complete study in pdf format

Shared between Sierra Leone and Liberia, the Gola-Foya Landscape holds large expanses of primary lowland forests. It is a key area for conservation, holding over 60 threatened species including Zebra Duiker, Western Red and Western Pied Colobuses, Forest Elephants and Chimpanzees.

 

The forest plays a critical role in mitigating the impact of climate change. Birdlife and its partners work with local communities and the local administration to develop sustainable livelihoods programmes. and to improve the management effectiveness of the Protected Areas.

The landscape encompasses Gola Rainforest National Park, Gola Forest National Park, Kambui Hills Forest Reserve, Tiwai Wildlife Sanctuary and the Proposed Protected Area of Foya.

This page shows the evolution of land cover in the landscape between 2001 and 2020 using Landsat-5/7/8 optical satellite images. The page also gives examples of deforestation, active fires and burnt areas detected by the Sentinel satellites of the European program Copernicus.


2001
2007
2014
2020

Land use in Gola-Foya between 2001 and 2020


2001
2007
2014
2020



Loss of forest cover in the different conservation units between 2001 and 2020

The figure above shows deforestation by period throughout the Gola-Foya priority landscape. The areas in gray represent the areas deforested before 2001, the areas in blue are those deforested between 2001 and 2007, the areas in yellow are those deforested between 2007 and 2014 and the areas in red are those deforested between 2014 and 2020. This red dominant testifies to the acceleration of deforestation in the last period.

 

The figure above shows the evolution of forest cover loss by period in the four conservation units: entire landscape, national parks, forest reserves and proposed protected area.

It can be seen that national parks have been preserved while forest reserves have suffered an increasing loss of their forests.

Detection of deforestation


FLEGT Watch is an automatic deforestation detection system for Central and West Africa using Sentinel-1 radar satellite images Sentinel-1. This section shows three examples of deforestation detected by FLEGTWatch in Gola Forest National Park (Liberia).

A : Sentinel-1A average from 23-02-2020 to 30-03-2020 Sentinel-1A average from 23-02-2020 to 30-03-2020
B : Sentinel-1A from 11-04-2020 Sentinel-1A from 11-04-2020
 
C : Sentinel-2A from 14-01-2020 Sentinel-2A from 14-01-2020
D : Sentinel-2B from 14-11-2020 Sentinel-2B from 14-11-2020

In radar images A and B, an extension of deforested areas can be seen in the north-western part of Gola Forest National Park.

Optical image analysis Sentinel-2 (C and D) confirms that the forest (C) was clearly cut in April 2020 (D).

view the event
A : Sentinel-1A average from 18-03-2020 to 23-04-2020 Sentinel-1A average from 18-03-2020 to 23-04-2020
B : Sentinel-1A from 05-05-2020 Sentinel-1A from 05-05-2020
 
C : Sentinel-2A from 14-01-2020 Sentinel-2A from 14-01-2020
D : Sentinel-2B from 14-11-2020 Sentinel-2B from 14-11-2020

This deforestation occurs in the north-western part of Gola Forest National Park, 200 meters south-east of Nyekehun village.

Analysis of Sentinel-2 optical images (C and D) confirms that the forest remnants observed in A are no longer present in B. It should be noted that the almost permanent cloud cover over the area made it necessary to search for optical data well before the event of May 05, 2020 (first cloudless image on 14.01.2020) and well after the event (first cloudless image on 14.11.2020).

view the event
A : Sentinel-1A average from 30-03-2020 to 05-05-2020 Sentinel-1A average from 30-03-2020 to 05-05-2020
B : Sentinel-1A from 17-05-2020 Sentinel-1A from 17-05-2020
 
C : Sentinel-2A from 14-01-2020 Sentinel-2A from 14-01-2020
D : Sentinel-2B from 14-11-2020 Sentinel-2B from 14-11-2020

In the imaged radar (A and B), a clear cut can be observed between 5 and 17 May 2020. This deforestation occurs in the north-western part of Gola Forest national park 400 meters south of the village of Morta

The analysis of the Sentinel-2 optical image (C et D) confirms that the forest (C) has been clearly cut (D) revealing a clearing of about one (1) hectare.

This phenomenon of “nibbling” around parks is common especially when it occurs near villages.

One may note here the proximity of the border between Liberia and Sierra-Leone.

view the event
 

Fire detection


A novel algorithm automatically detects active fire fronts from Sentinel-2 optical data.

Active fires in the Gola-Foya landscape

The figure above shows a Sentinel-2 image acquired on January 14, 2020 in the dry season. Active fire fronts are appearing in yellow-orange.

Figure B shows in red the result of the segmentation of the active fire fronts observed in the image A. From this segmentation, we can calculate the fire occurrences.

The detection of active fires can be used for early warning of fires.

view active fires

Burnt areas in the Gola-Foya landscape

Figure C shows a Sentinel-2 image acquired on January 14, 2020. One may observe burnt areas appearing in magenta.

Figure D shows in brown the result of the segmentation of the burnt areas observed in the image C. From this segmentation, we can calculate the occurrences of burnt areas.

view the burnt areas